Treatment methods depend on the severity and progression of the periodontal disease. The dentist or dental hygienist will devise a treatment plan after thorough examination.
The progression of the periodontal disease is dependent on the amount of infection in the gum tissue. If severe, untreated infections can extend as far as the jawbone. When the gum fills with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, it causes irritation to the gum tissue and can lead to eventual gum or bone damage. If this damage occurs, it is possible it will affect the bone supporting your teeth.
Catching the disease in the early stages of Gingivitis can prevent any permanent damage or any further damage from occurring. If the periodontal disease is caught in these early stages, the dentist or hygienist will suggest regular cleanings.
For advanced stages of the disease, the dentist will suggest specific periodontal cleaning techniques. The techniques for these stages in periodontal disease treatment are called scaling and root planing. These procedures are usually performed in one or two quadrants at a time. For the duration of the procedures, the affected areas are numbed. In the scaling process, any tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from the affected gum line areas. During the root planing procedure, any rough spots on the root surfaces are made smooth. The root planing procedure allows gum tissue to heal. The dentist may recommend medicated mouth rinse and an electric toothbrush to control infection and promote healing.
If the infection persists after the scaling and root planing procedures, periodontal surgery may be needed. This surgery will reduce pocket depth making teeth easier to clean and less subject to infection. Your dentist or hygienist may recommend seeing a periodontist.