Though sometimes taken for granted, you cannot underestimate the importance of your teeth. These oral components execute a crucial role in your ability to speak and in the digestive process by breaking down the foods you eat into more easily digestible fragments. Without healthy, functioning teeth, you could be subject to a host of nutritional, biological, and social concerns.

Moreover, you might not realize that your teeth are a collection of complex features comprised of numerous intricate parts.


In actuality, you possess several different types of teeth. Between the ages of six and 12, you lose your baby teeth and begin to develop adult or permanent oral components. The four major presentations of adult teeth are incisors, cuspids, premolars, and molars.

In most instances, the prototypical adult has 32 permanent teeth. More specifically, you have eight incisors, four cuspids, eight premolars, and eight molars. Four wisdom teeth often emerge once you reach your late teens or early twenties.

Tooth Anatomy

The preceding components are made up of principal features including the crown and roots. The crown is the visible portion above your gums. The roots are situated below the gum line and connect teeth to your jawbone. Additionally, each tooth contains other pertinent features like:

  • Enamel

Enamel encompasses a tooth’s hard, white portion. This component is the hardest substance seen inside the human body and enables you to carry out important functions like chewing. Unfortunately, however, the material contains no cells. Ergo, it is unable to repair itself, which is why damage to said substance is permanent and may eventually lead to tooth loss.

  • Cementum

This is a solid, bony material protecting the roots. Moreover, it enables the jaw bone and roots to connect safely and smoothly.

  • Dentin

Dentin is the living tissue contained inside a tooth. The feature’s elasticity enables teeth to be somewhat flexible and execute key duties like chewing.

  • Pulp

Pulp is living tissue located deep inside the teeth. Blood vessels and other crucial bodily features flow through this component.

  • Periodontal Ligament

This piece of soft tissue helps connect the teeth and jawbone, which in official, dental terminology, is known as the alveolar bone. The strength and stretching capacity of this ligament enables your teeth to execute the chewing process.

  • Gingiva

This dental feature, which is also known in simpler terms as the gums, connects the teeth and jaw and provides space for teeth to be situated.

  • Jawbone

This aforementioned structure is the mouth’s principle bone connecting the teeth and fostering the chewing process, speaking, and all other pertinent activities your mouth routinely performs.

Important Considerations

If any of the preceding features experience damage or disease, your capacity to speak properly and digest food could be thoroughly compromised. Therefore, oral hygiene is crucial and includes paramount actions, such as brushing at least twice per day, flossing after meals and snacks, rinsing with mouthwash, limiting your consumption of sugary or acidic foods, avoiding or quitting smoking, and seeking routine dental care.

Contact Us

If you reside in Ione and neighboring California locales, Thomas W. Eaton Family Dentistry looks forward to accepting you and your family as its next patients. For more information about Doctor Eaton’s practice, the services he provides, or reviews from numerous happy patients, visit our main website here.